The Bureau of Metrology is a public body, founded on September 14, 2006. It performs activities in the field of legal, scientific and industrial metrology, and performs the duties of the National Metrology Institute (NMI) in Montenegro.
The Bureau has been recognized as competent for carrying out calibrations by the Accreditation Body of Montenegro (ATCG) and Croatian Accreditation Agency (HAA), which have confirmed that it fulfils the requirements of the MEST EN ISO/IEC 17025:2011 standard – General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories, thus ensuring accurate measurement results traceable to the international standards.
As prescribed by the Decree on Organization and Method of Operation of State Administration, the Bureau of Metrology performs affairs related to: ensuring application of the system of legal units of measurement; realization, keeping, maintaining and improving the measurement standards of Montenegro; ensuring metrological traceability for calibration laboratories, as well as for testing and control laboratories; organization of calibration related activities; assessment of conformity of measuring instruments with metrological requirements; provision of expert opinion concerning authorization of laboratories for verification of measuring instruments; control of precious metal articles, as well as other affairs falling within its competence.
The Bureau also represents Montenegro in regional and international organizations: EURAMET – full membership, OIML – corresponding member, WELMEC – associate member and member of IAAO. Represented by the Bureau of Metrology, Montenegro joined the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) at the beginning of 2018, as the 59th member of this organization.
In July 2016, the Bureau of Metrology obtained a license for performing scientific-research activities in the field of technical-technological and interdisciplinary sciences. The Bureau of Metrology has been registered in the Registry of Innovative Organizations since October 2018. From the moment of acquiring the status of a scientific-research institution (2016), the Bureau of Metrology has intensified its activities related to the strengthening of its scientific and research capacities and participation in projects.
In addition to projects dealing with the development of the metrology system in Montenegro, the Bureau has also been very active when it comes to organizing activities aimed at raising awareness of the importance of metrology and educating the younger population on the basic concepts of measurement. Some of these are: the “Open Days” – organized in May every year to mark the World Metrology Day (20 May), the contest called the “Beauty of Crystals” in which elementary and secondary school students had an opportunity to grow inorganic and organic salt crystals, knowledge quiz called „Why are measurements important?“ for students of elementary schools and others.
Metrologija je osnov svih naučnih istraživanja. Upravo zbog toga Zavod za metrologiju može svojim učešćem u projektima pružiti značajan doprinos u mnogim oblastima u okviru programa bilateralne, prekogranične i transnacionalne saradnje. Projektni tim Zavoda za metrologiju, sastavljen od predstavnika svih organizacionih jedinica Zavoda, kontinuirano analizira potrebe i mogućnosti za unapređenje rada institucije kroz učešće u projektima lokalnog i međunarodnog karaktera. Osnovne aktivnosti ovog tima podrazumijevaju identifikovanje mogućnosti za učešće u projektima, umrežavanje sa potencijalnim partnerskim organizacijama, kao i samu pripremu i realizaciju projekata.
IPA 2007 and IPA 2011
Metrological traceability chain in the field of mass, length, temperature, pressure, volume, electrical quantities, as well as time and frequency in Montenegro is based on equipment provided by the Bureau of Metrology by participating in the projects “Development of Quality Infrastructure in Montenegro” (IPA 2007) and “Development of Quality Infrastructure and Metrology in Montenegro” (IPA 2011), as well as the equipment provided by the Bureau from its own resources.
As part of the project “Development of Quality Infrastructure in Montenegro”, equipment worth € 950,000.00 has been allocated for the laboratories of the Bureau through the European Union’s Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA 2007). The aim of this project was to accelerate legal, regulatory and institutional reforms in the area of quality infrastructure in Montenegro in line with EU acquis and WTO membership requirements. In addition to the Bureau of Metrology, the beneficiaries of the project were the Accreditation Body of Montenegro, the Institute for Standardization of Montenegro and the Ministry of Economy.
Within the project “Development of Quality Infrastructure and Metrology in Montenegro”, equipment in the value of € 600,000.00 has been allocated for the development of the Bureau’s laboratories through the European Union’s Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA 2011). The aim of this project was to facilitate trade and free movement of goods in accordance with EU and WTO requirements in Chapter 1 – Free movement of goods. In addition to the Bureau of Metrology, the beneficiaries of the project were the Ministry of Economy and the Agency for Medicines and Medical Devices of Montenegro (CALIMS).
The Bureau of Metrology participated as partner in the project entitled “MNE9004: Upgrading the national system for radon protection” funded by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). As part of the project, which began in January 2014, the Bureau received equipment for the first phase of the Laboratory for Ionising Radiation, which established conditions for the provision of calibration services for devices measuring radon concentration in air, both for clients from Montenegro and the needs of the neighbouring countries.
The Programme of Accession of Montenegro to the EU 2018 – 2020 (PPCG) envisages strengthening the administrative capacity of the Bureau of Metrology. As one of the beneficiary institutions in the project „Supply of equipment to specialized institutions of Montenegro for EU Internal Market Acquis implementation”, the Bureau of Metrology will receive valuable equipment by the end of 2020 for the improvement of work process in the Laboratory for Electrical Quantities, Laboratory for Time and Frequency, Laboratory for Temperature, Laboratory for Testing of Pre-Packaged Products and Laboratory for Testing of Precious Metal Articles.
Within the project ” “Technical Assistance for Alignment and Implementation of the EU Internal Market Acquis – IPA 2014″, training will be provided for the Bureau of Metrology’s employees on the installation and handling the purchased equipment and training on the implementation of MID and NAWI directives, as well as funds for the creation and distribution of educational and promotional material. These projects, worth approximately € 1,382,500.00, target all beneficiary institutions within the Competitiveness and Innovation Sector (Ministry of Economy, Administration for Inspection Affairs, Accreditation Body of Montenegro, Institute for Standardisation of Montenegro, Agency for Medicines and Medical Devices – CALIMS and the Bureau of Metrology).
EUIF – Support for transposition of MiFID II Directive and Regulation 2017/574
Within the EU integration Facility (EUIF), a project entitled “Support for transposition of MiFID II Directive and Regulation 2017/574” has been approved to the Bureau of Metrology, which aims to support Montenegro on its path toward the EU accession in the field of financial markets, i.e. achieving the traceability of time in the financial sector.
The implementation of the project carried out by the Bureau of Metrology in cooperation with the Capital Market Commission, started in the second quarter of 2019 and was successfully completed in December 2019.
Within the project, two experts stayed at the Bureau of Metrology – Dr Konstantinos Athanasiadis, an expert in the field of metrology of time and frequency and Dimitar Koychev, an expert in the field of financial markets. During their stay, the experts examined the current situation and opportunities in the field of time distribution in Montenegro, analyzed the equipment owned by the Bureau and prepared a specification of the equipment to be procured in order to realize the time distribution in Montenegro, in accordance with MiFID II Directive and Regulation 2017/574. In addition, a study visit to institutions in Spain was realised, namely to the National Securities Market Commission (CNMV) based in Madrid and the Royal Institute and Observatory of the Navy (ROA) in Cadiz. During the study visit, representatives of the Bureau of Metrology and the Capital Market Commission were given an opportunity to get acquainted with the way institutions in Spain achieve time distribution.
EMPIR Research Mobility Grant – RMG
Under the European metrology programme for innovation and research (EMPIR), the research staff working at the National Metrology Institutes are enabled to participate in Research Mobility Grants under projects funded through this program. The aim of these grants is to develop the capacity of the European research metrology community. The selected researchers spend one to eight months working on a Joint Research Project (JRP) in another member country of the European Association of National Metrology Institutes (EURAMET).
As part of the European Metrology Research Program (EMRP), during 2017, a representative of the Bureau of Metrology, Head of the Laboratory for Temperature, participated in the EMRP ENV58 MeteoMet 2 (Metrology for Essential Climate Variables) project through a Researcher Mobility Grant (RMG) . The representative stayed at the Italian National Metrology Institute INRiM from March 14, 2017 to June 30, 2017. The main objective of this project was a preliminary study on the effect of wind speed and the effect of radiation on the accuracy of measuring air temperature under different conditions for thermometers used in automatic weather stations.
From March 6 to May 28, 2017, an employee of the Bureau of Metrology participated in the JRP Project: ENG56 – “Traceable Measurement of Drive Train Components for Renewable Energy Systems” as a beneficiary of a research grant – RMG1 DriveTrain. The project was organized under the EMRP and implemented at the RWTH (Rheinisch-Westfalische Technische Hochshule) in Aachen, Germany. The research within the project concerned the determination of linear errors of coordinate measuring machines at different temperatures.
During 2019, EMPIR approved RMG grants to two staff members of the Laboratory for time and frequency. The approved grants – 17IND14-RMG2 and 17IND14-RMG3 are part of the project Precision Time for Industry (17IND14). The participants in this project are the National Metrology Institute of Italy (INRIM), France (LNE-SYRTE), the United Kingdom (NPL), Sweden (RISE) and the Netherlands (VSL). The project deals with the development of new technologies for the distribution of time for industrial purposes. The Bureau’s employees will do research into the application of White Rabbit (WR) time distribution technologies. A research visit for the Bureau’s employees is planned for the first and fourth quarters of 2020 at the National Institute of Metrological Research in Italy.
The Laboratory for Temperature at the Bureau of Metrology started participating as an external partner in the EMPIR project JRP r02 HUMEA: Expansion of European research capabilities in humidity measurement in June 2016. Organized by the EURAMET, EMPIR and NSAI (National Standards Authority of Ireland) in 2018, a partner meeting on was held in Dublin in 2018 within the EMPIR project Expansion of European research capabilities in humidity measurement.
In addition, a workshop entitled: “Improvements in the field of dew point temperature standards” under the project JRP r02 HUMEA: “Expansion of European research capabilities in humidity measurement” organised by the EURAMET, EMPIR and ČMI was held in Prague in December 2018. Two representatives of the Bureau’s Laboratory for Temperature attended this workshop.
The project ended in May 2019.
As part of the regional project SIDA – Quality Infrastructure in the Western Balkans, which aimed to strengthen the capacities of institutions for the economic integration into the European Union, training courses were organized in the field of legal metrology and calibration of measuring instruments/ measurement standards.
Metrology guide (.pdf)
During 2019, the Bureau of Metrology was the first state authority to test its work against the requirements of the CAF methodology, as part of a project jointly implemented by the Regional School of Public Administration (ReSPA) and the Center for Public Administration Research (KDZ- Austria). The goals of implementing the CAF system in institutions are: the professionalization of public administration, the introduction of principles of total quality management (TQM) in public administration, the progressive orientation towards a complete “plan-do-check-act” cycle, facilitating self-assessment in public organizations to identify improvement activities and facilitating „bench-learning“ between among public authorities.
The main steps of applying the CAF system are as follows:
- Customizing CAF questionnaires to the individual needs of the organization;
- Training of the self-assessment team;
- Constant monitoring of the entire CAF process;
- CAF self-assessment workshop;
- Consolidated self-assessment workshop report with improvement measures;
- Development of a CAF action plan;
- Knowledge base.
Under the CAF framework, a self-assesment team was formed at the Bureau of Metrology,, composed of representatives of all levels of employees, including senior management. Based on the Self-Assessment Report, a list of proposed improvement actions was analyzed and a list of “Quick Wins” was created. The main activity of the CAF methodology was the creation of an Action Plan for the implementation of the CAF activities at the Bureau of Metrology. This model envisages that the defined actions be applied in the next two years in order to improve the overall work of the Bureau of Metrology.
U okvru projekta „Otvoreni dani nauke“ pod pokroviteljstvom Ministarstva nauke, u oktobru 2018. godine, Zavod za metrologiju organizovao je kviz „Zašto su mjerenja važna?“. Cilj ove aktivnosti bio je promocija prirodnih nauka i redefinicije Međunarodnog sistema jedinica (SI) usmjerena na učenike osnovnih škola. U kvizu je učestvovalo 27 učenika iz devet osnovnih škola, a takmičari najbolje tri ekipe osvojili su vrijedne nagrade: bicikla, tablet računare i bežične slušalice. Kviz je organizovan u prostorijama osnovne škole „21. maj“ iz Podgorice.
U sklopu međunarodne manifestacije „Dani evropske baštine“, Zavod za metrologiju organizovao je izložbu pod nazivom „Umjetnost mjerenja“ u periodu od 25. do 27. septembra 2018. godine u TC Delta City u Podgorici. Izložba „Umjetnost mjerenja“ organizovana je uz podršku Ministarstva kulture i dio je šire inicijative koja se obilježava u 50 država potpisnica Evropske konvencije o kulturi. Manifestacija „Dani evropske baštine“ pokrenuta je kroz saradnju Evropske komisije i Savjeta Evrope i tradicionalno se obilježava svakog septembra, a tema za 2018. godinu bila je „Umjetnost dijeljenja“.