MEMBERSHIP IN INTERNATIONAL AND REGIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
The Bureau of Metrology represents Montenegro in international and regional metrology organizations, as well as in organizations in the field of control of precious metal articles. Within its competence, the Bureau of Metrology carries out activities in order to fulfill Article 77 of the Stabilization and Association Agreement between the European Communities and its Member States on one hand, and Montenegro, on the other, which defines the obligations of Montenegro to take the necessary measures in order to gradually achieve conformity with the technical regulations of the Community and European standardization, metrology, accreditation and conformity assessment procedures. Pursuant to Article 77, the contractual parties shall seek to:
- promote the use of Community technical regulations, European standards and conformity assessment procedures;
- provide assistance in fostering the development of quality infrastructure: standardization, metrology, accreditation and conformity assessment;
- promote the participation of Montenegrin competent bodies in the work of organizations dealing with standards, conformity assessment, metrology and similar areas (e.g. CEN, CENELEC, ETSI, EA, WELMEC, EUROMET, etc.);
- where necessary, conclude an Agreement on Conformity Assessment and Acceptance of Industrial Products once the legislative framework and the procedures in Montenegro are sufficiently aligned with the Community’s procedures and, when an appropriate expertise becomes available.
EURAMET – European Association of National Metrology Institutes is an organization comprising National Metrology Institutes from member states of the European Union (EU) and of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA). The purpose of this organization is to achieve greater efficiency through coordination and exchange of metrological activities and services.
The Bureau of Metrology has been a full member of the European Association of National Metrology Institutes (EURAMET) since 7 June 2011. By appointing its representatives, the Bureau has participated in the work of EURAMET’s Technical Committees in the field of Electricity and Magnetism (TC – EM), Interdisciplinary Metrology (TC – IM), Flow (TC – F), Mass and Related Quantities (TC – M), Quality (TC – Q), Thermometry (TC-T), Length (TC – L) and Time and Frequency (TC – TF).
One of the main goals of the EURAMET is coordinated European research in metrology and analysis of common future needs in metrology, the definition of common goals and programs, planning and realization of joint research projects. EURAMET’s European Metrology Research Program (EMRP) is a program of special significance, in which the Bureau’s employees have been participating through research mobility grants (RMG).
International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML) was founded in 1955 in Paris with an aim to promote global harmonization of legal procedures in the field of metrology which support and facilitate international trade. The Bureau of Metrology has been a corresponding member of the International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML) since November 2007. OIML provides its member states with recommendations for defining national and regional requirements related to the production and use of measuring instruments used in legal metrology.
In January 2009, the Bureau of Metrology became an associate member of the European cooperation in legal metrology (WELMEC), an organization with the following objectives: development of mutual trust among the legal metrology bodies in Europe, harmonization of activities in the field of legal metrology, as well as the exchange of information between stakeholders. WELMEC gives advice to the European Commission and the Council regarding the application and further development of the relevant metrology directives, so that monitoring of WELMEC working groups provides the information that is necessary for the harmonization of national legislation with the EU legislation. The Bureau’s representatives have participated in the work WELMEC Working Groups. Full membership in WELMEC is conditioned by Montenegro’s accession to the European Union.
Montenegro is an associate member of the General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) since 1 August 2011. This membership was a prelude to the application for full membership in the International Bureau for Weights and Measures (BIPM). The status of an associate member has enabled the Bureau of Metrology to become a signatory to the CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement on 19 October 2011. By signing the CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement, conditions were created for mutual recognition of calibration certificates and measurements issued by National Metrology Institutes of member states and, in this way, support the process of removing technical barriers to trade.
The International Association of Assay Offices ensures cooperation and exchange of technical information with a view to complying with the procedures and methods in relation to assaying and hallmarking of precious metal articles. The Bureau of Metrology became a member of the International Association of Assay Offices (IAAO) in October 2012.
The International Association of Assay Offices closely cooperates with the Vienna Convention. Regular annual meetings are held at the same time as the meetings of the Vienna Convention. By signing this international treaty concerning the cross-border trade of precious metal articles on the territory of the parties to the Convention, free movement is achieved with regard to precious metal articles marked with the „Common Control Mark“ (CCM), identifiable by a stylized image of a weighing instrument in balance, with a three-digit fineness mark at the center of a hallmark.
CCM certifies the type of a precious metal from which an item was made and its fineness. Only authorized assay offices dealing with analysis of precious metal articles can place a CCM on items made of gold, silver and platinum, after the agreed assay methods have been conducted. Parties to the Vienna Convention allow import of precious metal articles hallmarked by a CCM hallmark without re-examination (additional assaying).
Today, CCM is recognized in many countries which are not parties to the Vienna Convention as a reliable quality mark of products or items made of precious metal articles.
International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM – Bureau International des Poids et Mesures), together with the International Committee for Weights and Measures (CIPM – Comité international des poids et mesures) and the General Conference for Weights and Measures (CGPM – Conférence générale des poids et mesures) constitutes one of three organizations established by the Metre Convention with an aim to create and maintain a universal system of measurement.
The Metre Convention is a basic document of the modern metric system based on the use of the International System of Units (SI). The Metre Convention was signed on 20 May 1875 by the representatives of 17 states and represents a turning point in the history towards the establishment of universal measurement.
Based on the Bureau of Metrology’s results achieved over the years of associate membership, Montenegro and the Bureau of Metrology as the National Metrology Institute, were granted a full membership in the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) on 24 January 2018.
By joining the BIPM, Montenegro became 59th member of this organization, which will enable it to participate in making decisions at the highest, global level in the field of metrology. By being granted this status, Montenegro i.e. the Bureau of Metrology will be able to participate and vote at the meetings of the General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM), exercise the right to realization of internationally recognized measurement uncertainty through calibration services provided by the BIPM at no additional cost as well as to participate in international comparisons of national measurement standards.