The Bureau of Metrology represents Montenegro in international and regional metrology organizations, as well as in organizations in the field of control of precious metal articles. Within its competence, the Bureau of Metrology carries out activities with the aim of fulfilling the requirements from the Article 77 of the Stabilization and Association Agreement between the European Communities and its Member States on one hand, and Montenegro, on the other, which defines the obligations of Montenegro to take the necessary measures in order to gradually achieve conformity with the technical regulations of the Community and European standardization, metrology, accreditation and conformity assessment procedures. Pursuant to Article 77, the contractual parties shall seek to:
- promote the use of Community technical regulations, European standards and conformity assessment procedures;
- provide assistance in fostering the development of quality infrastructure: standardization, metrology, accreditation and conformity assessment;
- promote the participation of Montenegrin competent bodies in the work of organizations dealing with standards, conformity assessment, metrology and similar areas (e.g. CEN, CENELEC, ETSI, EA, WELMEC, EUROMET, etc.);
- where necessary, conclude Agreement on Conformity Assessment and Acceptance of Industrial Products once the legislative framework and the procedures in Montenegro are sufficiently aligned with the Community’s procedures and, when an appropriate expertise becomes available.
In the Section for International Cooperation, the following tasks are carried out, relating to:
- performing activities related to representing Montenegro in regional and international metrology organizations – European Association of National Metrology Institutes (EURAMET), International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML), The European Cooperation in Legal Metrology (WELMEC), International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM), International Association of Assessing Officers (IAAO), as well as taking part in their work;
- activities related to bilateral and regional cooperation with international organizations in Montenegro;
- participation in the work of international institutions in Montenegro, in the field of metrology and precious metals;
- preparation of and participation in international conferences, seminars, committees in the field of metrology and precious metals;
- preparation and making of all kinds of documents for the needs of establishing and maintaining cooperation between the Bureau and international and regional metrology organizations;
- translation of all relevant documents;
- promotion and use of international programs and funds with the aim of strengthening capacities in the field of metrology and precious metals, as well as the Bureau as an authority;
- monitoring standards in implementation of national policies and their harmonization with international standards in the field of metrology;
- preparation and delivery of information for other national and international institutions;
- activities carried out within international and regional projects in the field of metrology and precious metals, and activities in relation to Montenegro’s accession to the European Union;
- monitoring implementation of projects funded by international, regional, bilateral donor organizations;
- keeping records on participation in and realization of international and regional projects;
- preparation and making of all kinds of plans, analyses, elaborates, and strategies in the part of cooperation with national and science institutions with the aim of developing metrology;
- planning and implementing internal educations of employees in the field of metrology, quality system and project management with the aim of continuous professional development;
- preparation and making of all kinds of information documentation material, publications, brochures, marketing material, professional and reference literature, and other material;
- other activities in accordance with the regulations.
EURAMET – European Association of National Metrology Institutes is an organization comprising National Metrology Institutes from member states of the European Union (EU) and of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA). The purpose of this organization is to achieve greater efficiency through coordination and exchange of metrological activities and services.
The Bureau of Metrology has been a full member of the European Association of National Metrology Institutes (EURAMET) since 7 June 2011. By appointing its representatives, the Bureau has participated in the work of EURAMET’s Technical Committees in the field of Electricity and Magnetism (TC – EM), Interdisciplinary Metrology (TC – IM), Flow (TC – F), Mass and Related Quantities (TC – M), Quality (TC – Q), Thermometry (TC-T), Length (TC – L) and Time and Frequency (TC – TF).
One of the main goals of the EURAMET is coordinated European research in metrology and analysis of common future needs in metrology, the definition of common goals and programs, planning and realization of joint research projects. EURAMET’s European Metrology Research Program (EMRP) is a program of special significance, in which the Bureau’s employees have been participating through research mobility grants (RMG).
International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML) was founded in 1955 in Paris with an aim to promote global harmonization of legal procedures in the field of metrology which support and facilitate international trade. The Bureau of Metrology has been a corresponding member of the International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML) since November 2007. OIML provides its member states with recommendations for defining national and regional requirements related to the production and use of measuring instruments used in legal metrology.
Montenegro, i.e. the Bureau of Metrology, became a full member of the newly formed international organization WELMEC (European cooperation in legal metrology) at the end of 2019.
Due to changes in WELMEC organizational structure, members of the organization were asked to sign the accession agreement again in 2019.
Accordingly, there are thirty-nine European countries represented in the WELMEC Committee.
In the past period, the representatives of the Bureau of Metrology participated in the WLEMEC working groups. Considering that the WELMEC bodies cooperate with the European Commission and European Council, participation in the working groups enabled exchange of information relevant for harmonizing the national legislation with the legislation of the European Union.
WELMEC was founded in June 1990, in Switzerland, with the aim of developing mutual trust between European institutions for legal metrology, harmonizing activities in the field of legal metrology, as well as information exchange between stakeholders.
The Bureau of Metrology was an associate member of WELMEC from 2009 to the end of 2019.
Montenegro is an associate member of the General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) since 1 August 2011. This membership was a prelude to the application for full membership in the International Bureau for Weights and Measures (BIPM). The status of an associate member has enabled the Bureau of Metrology to become a signatory to the CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement on 19 October 2011. By signing the CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement, conditions were created for mutual recognition of calibration and measurement certificates issued by National Metrology Institutes of member states and, in this way, support the process of removing technical barriers to trade.
International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM – Bureau International des Poids et Mesures), together with the International Committee for Weights and Measures (CIPM – Comité international des poids et mesures) and the General Conference for Weights and Measures (CGPM – Conférence générale des poids et mesures) constitutes one of three organizations established by the Metre Convention with an aim to create and maintain a universal system of measurement.
The Metre Convention is a basic document of the modern metric system based on the use of the International System of Units (SI). The Metre Convention was signed on 20 May 1875 by the representatives of 17 states and represents a turning point in the history towards the establishment of universal measurement.
Based on the Bureau of Metrology’s results achieved over the years of associate membership, Montenegro and the Bureau of Metrology, as the National Metrology Institute, were granted a full membership in the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) on 24 January 2018.
By joining the BIPM, Montenegro became 59th member of this organization, which will enable it to participate in making decisions at the highest, global level in the field of metrology. By being granted this status, Montenegro i.e. the Bureau of Metrology will be able to participate and vote at the meetings of the General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM), exercise the right to realization of internationally recognized metrological traceability through calibration services provided by the BIPM at no additional cost, as well as to participate in international comparisons of national measurement standards.
Crna Gora postala je pridruženi član CGPM-a, odnosno Generalne konferencije za tegove i mjere, 1. avgusta 2011. godine.
Zavod za metrologiju je 19. oktobra 2011. godine potpisao CIPM MRA (CIPM Aranžman o međusobnom priznavanju).
Metarska konvencija je osnovni dokument savremenog metričkog sistema koji se zasniva na upotrebi Međunarodnog sistema jedinica (SI). Metarska konvencija potpisana je 20. maja 1875. godine od strane predstavnika 17 država i predstavlja istorijsku prekretnicu ka uspostavljanju jedinstvenog mjerenja. Konvencijom je uspostavljen Međunarodni biro za tegove i mjere (BIPM – Bureau International des Poids et Mesures), čiji je zadatak uspostavljanje i održavanje univerzalnog sistema mjerenja. BIPM je pod nadležnošću Generalne konferencije za tegove i mjere (CGPM), a Međunarodni komitet za tegove i mjere (CIPM) vrši nadzor nad ovom organizacijom.
Zavod za metrologiju postao je pridruženi član Generalne konferencije za tegove i mjere 1. avgusta 2011. godine. Kao rezultat dugogodišnjeg članstva i ostvarenih rezultata, Zavodu za metrologiju je, u decembru 2016. godine, upućen poziv za punopravno članstvo u BIPM-u i pristupanje Metarskoj konvenciji. Nakon usvajanja Zakona o potvrđivanju Metarske konvencije 29. decembra 2017. godine, Crna Gora i Zavod za metrologiju, kao nacionalni metrološki institut, primljeni su 24. januara 2018. u punopravno članstvo u Međunarodnom birou za tegove i mjere (BIPM).
Pristupanje Metarskoj konvenciji omogućava Crnoj Gori direktno poređenje državnih etalona sa međunarodnim, uspostavljajući na taj način sljedivost pouzdanih i tačnih mjerenja u našoj zemlji u skladu sa definicijama koje utvrđuje CGPM.